Infectious Disease


At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, depression, and anxiety levels increased by a staggering 25% worldwide (source). Multiple stressors influenced this, including loneliness, financial concerns, death of loved ones, and burnout in healthcare workers, among other factors. Women were among the most severely affected by the pandemic. Women with risky alcohol use during the pandemic were also found to have higher anxiety and depression compared to those with low-risk use. Women are becoming increasingly likely to use substances, as shown by the increasing alcohol sales and opioid overdoses during the pandemic (source).

The infectious respiratory disease Coronavirus 2019, or COVID-19, continues to be studied, and new information and updates about long-term effects are being released. COVID-19 data regarding cases, deaths, and current vaccinations are released daily on MDH’s website. For comprehensive information on the impacts of COVID-19 on rural MN, look to the Center for Rural Policy’s report, which explores the data, access to health care, and impacts on the economy and workforce.


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MN race and ethnicity COVID-19 data

Race and Ethnicity: Cases per 100,000 People              #

Black or African American 10,952

Hispanic or Latino 14,619

Asian 8,006

Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 25,342

American Indian or Alaska Native 7,988

White 7,110

Per 100,000 people. This scaling allows for the outcome of cases or deaths from COVID-19 to be compared to the size of each population group (March 2021 via The COVID Tracking Project).

 Race and Ethnicity: Deaths per 100,000 People #

Black or African American 89

Hispanic or Latino 68

Asian 97

Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 273*

American Indian or Alaska Native 155

White 118

(All data is calculated)

* Based on <10 deaths among members of this race/ethnicity. Interpret with caution.

More information about COVID-19 can be found on the MDH and CDC websites.


Mpox, previously known as Monkeypox, is a viral illness that anyone can get regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity. Mpox cases did not normally occur in the U.S. until May 2022. Mpox symptoms often include a blister-like rash that can appear on various areas of the body (source).

  • 234 cases of Mpox have been identified in MN as of December 2022
  • 6 cases (3%) are women, 4 cases (2%) are transgender men

Cases by Gender Identity (December 2022)

Gender identityPercentage of cases
Transgender man2%
Transgender woman0%
Prefer not to say0%

10 cases have been hospitalized, and there have been no deaths associated with Mpox thus far (January 2023, source)

Cases by Ethnicity (December 2022)

White, non-Hispanic48%
Black, non-Hispanic18%
Asian, non-Hispanic3%
American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic1%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic1%
Multiple races, non-Hispanic3%
Other, non-Hispanic1%

More Information about Mpox can be found on the MDH website.