Barriers to Health 2017

Variables in this section are calculated from one or more BRFSS questions (sources: CDC’s BRFSS data tools and Minnesota prevalence and trends of 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).

In 2017 there were an estimated 2,199,595 females ages 16+ in MN, 66% of whom were in the labor force (source). Females account for 42% of the total uninsured population in MN. Minority or non-white women are three times more likely to be uninsured than White women (source).

Between 2015 and 2018, the amount of homelessness among adults ages 25-54 rose. In 2017, 2,875 females ages 18-54 were experiencing homelessness.

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Employment (source)


  • 64% Labor force participation of females age 16+ (source)
  • Labor force participation by race (proportion) (see spreadsheet; information retrieved from this document-last slide) (Note: Data is presented in proportion, not rate. The total is not 100% because the proportion is taken off of the entire population, i.e., there is no common denominator; each population group was used as its own denominator. For instance, 81% of all the White non-Hispanics participate in the labor force, 70% of all Asian Americans participate in the labor force, etc.).
  • 11.3% Women below the poverty line (source)
  • 21% Female adults ages 25-54 who experience homelessness (source; table is made based on information provided in Homelessness in Minnesota, table 1)
  • Homelessness among MN women per age group in 2018 (source)
  • Overall, in 2018 the number of homeless adults age 25-54 is up 20% (source)


  • 60% of transport users are women (source)
  • 8% of women reported transportation as a barrier to prenatal care (source)